How to Paint a Room
Painting a room is a great way to spruce up your home. Make sure to use Low VOC products to make sure your air quality stays clean along with your newly painted walls.
Time: 2-5 Days
Cost: $150 for a 10’x10’ room
Skill Level: Easy
Large Sponge Paint With Primer
Bucket 120-Grit Sandpaper
Paint Roller Frame Sanding Sponges
Paint Pan Latex Painter’s Caulk
Paint Roller Extension Patching Compound
Caulking Gun Primer
Paint Brushes 2”-2-1/2” Painter’s Tape
Putty Knife Tray Liners
5 in 1 Painter’s Tool Roller Covers
Utility Knife Plastic Cups
Window Scraper Plastic Sheeting
Pole Sander Dust Mask
**Items in bold can be borrowed from our Tool Library
A gallon of paint covers about 400 Square Feet (SF). To figure out how much you need, add up the lengths of all the walls, and then multiply the sum by the height. Subtract 20 SF for each door and 15 SF for each window. Divide by 400.
Example: 10’ x 12’ bedroom with 9’ high ceiling,
1 window and 1 door
• 10’+10’+12’+12’= 44’
• 44’x 9’=396 SF
• 396 SF – 20 SF – 15 SF = 361 SF
• 361 SF buy 400 SF = 1 gal per coat
1 Prepare the Room – Remove all art from walls, move furniture out away from the walls, and cover with plastic sheeting or a tarp. Cover the floors in plastic. Remove all switch and outlet plates or cover with painters tape.
Try re-using your newspaper to protect the floors.
2 Patch, Fill and Sand – Use a putty knife to patch any holes, gashes, or dents with patching compound and allow to dry. Sand any rough areas with sand paper or sanding block (2a). Check around windows and exterior doors for gaps in caulking (2b). Remove and repair caulking if necessary. Tape window and door trim, baseboards, and vents, switches, and outlets with painters tape for a clean paint line.
2a. Guide sander flat against the wall and change paper grit if worn or clogged.
2b. Wet finger and smooth the caulk with even pressure to push it into the crack and leave a crisp edge.
3 Clean – Vacuum dust from the walls, ceiling, and plastic. Wipe down walls and ceiling with clear soap-free water. Never allow the sponge to have too much water.
4 Cut in- If your paint does not have primer already mixed in, you will need to start with priming the walls. This will help the paint’s coverage. Pour a small amount of primer/paint into a plastic cup. Use a 2 1/2” synthetic brush to cut in (4a). Carefully brush a 2” to 3” band around the whole room (4b).
Areas to cut in:
Against the Ceiling
Next to Molding
Around Door and Window Frames
4a. Make sure to fill the bucket with warm water and have a rag ready to clean up any messes.
5 Load the Roller – Place a tray liner in the paint pan. Pour the primer/paint into the tray up to the grated area in of the tray. Roll the roller in the paint back and forth over to grate to load the roller and remove any excess.
6 Cover the Walls – With a loaded roller, roll the primer/paint in a “W” or a “M” shape across the walls. Make sure to go slightly over the brushed edges to blend any brush marks.
7 Let Walls Dry – With primer a thick coverage is not needed. With paint you may need a second coat. Allow the primer to dry to the touch before applying paint. Allow time to dry between all coats.